As with most offenses, I think it helps to have good 1 on 1 players, but I don’t think it is necessary with this style of offense. I know I talk a lot about attacking off the dribble. I do this for two different reasons. The first reason is from a teaching perspective. The second reason is from an emphasis perspective. I believe teaching basketball in a progressive manner begins with what players do with the ball and how you guard the ball. A lot of our offensive and defensive teaching is based around dribble penetration. We want to be able to attack off the dribble as well as stop dribble penetration. Since we want it to be a big part of our offense, we emphasize it a lot as well. As a result, the blog probably makes things sound like you can’t run this offense unless you have good 1 on 1 players. That’s not true at all. I would run it with any team and any collection of players, because I believe it can be easily adjusted to maximize the talents of whatever players you have. I believe that your personnel may change what you emphasize but not what you teach.
Let me explain. I believe it’s always important to be able to attack defenses off the dribble. Defenses who can guard the ball without help have a greater chance at being successful. They are less prone to fouls. They can worry more about defending screens and cutters and less about helping and rotating to stop dribble penetration. Good offensive teams are be able to create pressure on defenses by use of dribble penetration.
While I think it’s important to teach the skills and concepts surrounding dribble penetration first, I don’t believe it’s something that every team should emphasize. I think it’s important to emphasize taking advantage when these opportunities exist, but you may emphasize different ways of creating those opportunities. There a number of ways that offensive teams can create dribble penetration opportunities. Your team will determine what you emphasize.
- Making a 1 on 1 move
- The Draft Drive
- Creating long or difficult closeouts
- Ball Screens/Dribble Handoffs
- Creating mismatches that make 1 on 1 easier
Let’s say your team isn’t athletic enough or skilled enough to create off the dribble. You probably can’t change their athleticism much, but you can improve their skill. I would say that skills limit players’ abilities more often than their athleticism. However, teaching skills does take time, and so let’s assume that creating off the dribble is not something you want to emphasize with your team.
The Draft Drive is a great way to help players attack off the dribble who might not be great 1 on 1 players. The Draft Drive creates a larger driving lane. The 1 on 1 move doesn’t have to be as sharp or as precise. Moreover, ball handlers should know that they will always have receivers available if they can’t score. This larger driving lane and the confidence that their teammates will be available may give some players the confidence they need to be aggressive when they would normally be passive. This is still a bit of a 1 on 1 situation, so let’s pretend this doesn’t work well for you either.
In order to guard a player 1 on 1, a defender must be able to go from off the ball to on the ball without getting beat. Many players can guard the ball once they are guarding the ball. They just have trouble on the closeout. If your players aren’t great 1 on 1 players, then creating long or difficult closeouts for the other team can put them in situations where attacking off the dribble is much easier because the defense is at a disadvantage. The constant movement of the offense towards the rim tends to keep defenses from extending. They tend to gravitate to the paint. This can create long closeouts or can delay defenders in getting to the ball through the use of a variety of screening actions, which is upcoming in the blog.
There are a number of off ball screening actions, but the Pick and Roll or On Ball Screen is also a tool in the toolbox. Ball screens can be incorporated in a variety of ways. It’s really up to you based on your philosophy and your personnel. Dribble Handoffs can also be used as a way to get ball handlers going towards the rim off the dribble. Both of these can create opportunities for dribble penetration
Screening actions may generate mismatches as a result of teams switching. If your team’s best guard can’t take the other team’s post player 1 on 1 and at least draw some sort of help side defense, then you are probably in for a long night.
I like to look at it like this. In order to be a decent perimeter offensive player, you have to be able to either dribble or shoot. If you can’t do either one, then you become pretty easy to guard. If you can do one of the two, then defenses have to at least respect one of the two skills which should help you be more effective at the other one.